The Protasco Group’s road construction activities are undertaken by HCM Group. HCM adopts the “Construction Management Approach” in all its road projects, focusing on planning and management. To ensure maximum cost-effectiveness, the Group sub-contracts out portions of its projects such as relocation of utility services, earthworks, drainage, construction of small bridges, roadside furniture and street lightings. Depending on the projects, the Group may outsource the entire portion or only the labour of these portion, which has low added value. The outsourcing of labour, which is mainly low-skilled, enables the Group to focus on its core competencies in pavement works.